Can anyone please recommend a formal model explaining political accountability, which i can use as a benchmark?
Formal model explaining political accountability

Assuming no troll: when I teach, the base I use is Besley 2006. But to be honest, if I need a base model for comparison, the model would probably depend on the point I'm trying to make (yes, I know, I know...) Anyway, read Ashworth's 2012 ARPS piece as a reasonable starting point to get to know the literature if you don't know it already.

Assuming no troll: when I teach, the base I use is Besley 2006. But to be honest, if I need a base model for comparison, the model would probably depend on the point I'm trying to make (yes, I know, I know...) Anyway, read Ashworth's 2012 ARPS piece as a reasonable starting point to get to know the literature if you don't know it already.
Thank you !!!

Thank you for all your comments. Specifically, the idea that I am trying to capture is the fact that developing countries receiving foreign aid from international organizations are accountable to the donors, rather than to the citizens. Is there any formal model that may be extended to explain this idea? Thank you in advance.

A better question is whether there is any formal model of accountability that CAN'T be extended to capture this idea. Here's a tip: developing country wants foreign aid, donor controls aid, citizens don't control aid.
You actually want a multiple principals model for this. Tweak this: